Showing posts with label ginger beer. Show all posts
Showing posts with label ginger beer. Show all posts

Crafting the Perfect Ginger Beer: Fermentation, Lagering, and Conditioning

Sunday, November 5, 2023
The craft of brewing ginger beer is as much an art as it is a science, involving a delicate balance of temperature, time, and technique to achieve that perfect bubbly sip. 

The process begins with fermentation, the stage where the magic starts, and the yeasts begin their dance, converting sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide. 

This crucial step typically unfolds at the cozy warmth of room temperature, ideally nestled between 70-75°F (21-24°C), creating the perfect environment for the yeast to thrive and the flavors to develop.

The Subtle Art of Lagering

Once fermentation has gracefully concluded, the ginger beer embarks on a cooler journey known as lagering. Lagering is not merely a cooling phase; it's a meticulous process that enhances clarity and carbonation, enriching the beer's overall character. 

The ideal lagering temperature for ginger beer is a chilly but not frigid 35-45°F (2-7°C). This cool embrace allows the ginger beer to mature, settling any residual sediment and refining its effervescence.

However, brewers must navigate this step with care. Temperatures that dip too low can stifle the yeast's activity, prematurely halting fermentation and risking an under-carbonated result. The disappointment of a flat ginger beer after weeks of patient aging is akin to a culinary anticlimax, one that every brewer seeks to avoid.

lager ginger beer
Lashings and lashings of ginger beer!

The Variables of Conditioning

Conditioning ginger beer transcends temperature control; it's about fine-tuning the final product to achieve the perfect balance of clarity and carbonation. There are several paths to this destination:

Bottle Conditioning: A whisper of sugar added before bottling gifts the remaining yeast a final feast, producing carbon dioxide that infuses the beer with life. This traditional technique is the soulmate for fully fermented ginger beers, allowing them to carbonate naturally over time.

Kegging: A method that marries the old with the new, kegging involves escorting the ginger beer into a keg to be carbonated under the watchful eye of a CO2 tank. This technique caters to ginger beers that have completed their fermentative journey, offering a controlled environment for carbonation.

Cold Crashing:
This technique is akin to giving the beer a period of reflection in a cold chamber. By chilling the ginger beer, the yeast and other particulates humbly settle at the bottom, leaving behind a beverage that's visually serene. Although this method doesn't contribute to carbonation, it is an effective way to achieve a lucid, more refined ginger beer.

Fining Agents: For the brewer who seeks crystal clarity, fining agents like Irish moss, PVPP, or gelatin can be the clarifying companions. These agents assist in precipitating out the haze, polishing the appearance of the beer. While not essential for every batch of ginger beer, they are available should the brewer wish to use them.

Each of these methods carries its own set of considerations, and the seasoned brewer will weigh these in balance with their own brewing philosophy and the unique character they wish to impart upon their ginger beer. Whether it's the gradual effervescence of bottle conditioning or the swift sparkle of forced carbonation, the choice shapes the final character of the brew.

In the alchemy of brewing ginger beer, temperature is a pivotal force, but it is only one element in a symphony of processes that lead to the ultimate goal: a ginger beer that delights with its sparkling clarity and lively carbonation, a refreshing testament to the brewer's craft.

Using 'Finings' to make beer clear and reduce sediment

Friday, November 3, 2023

Clear beer is often the hallmark of quality and expertise in brewing. While the opaqueness of a brew does not necessarily denote a flaw in flavor, the visual appeal of a crystal-clear beer is a standard many homebrewers aspire to. Finings are substances added at various stages of the brewing process to aid in the clarification of beer by precipitating suspended solids that contribute to cloudiness.

The use of finings is not a modern invention; historical records show that even ancient brewers had their own methods of clarifying their concoctions. Today, a range of fining agents are available, each suited to different types of beer and personal brewing preferences.

Understanding Sediment and Cloudiness

Sediment in beer can originate from various sources, such as residual yeast, protein complexes, hop particles, and grain husks. The presence of these particulates not only impacts the beer's appearance but can also affect its taste, stability, and texture. Cloudiness, or haze, in beer can be attributed to the colloidal suspensions of these particulates. While some beer styles, like certain ales and wheat beers, are traditionally served with a natural haze, most beer styles are expected to be clear. Factors such as the beer's pH, the brewing process, and the ingredients used can influence the level of sediment and cloudiness in the final product.

use finnings to make clear sediment free beer

The Science of Clarification

The process of clarification is fundamentally a battle against haze-forming particles. These particles are primarily proteins and polyphenols, which are naturally present in beer. Finings work by adhering to these haze-causing particles and creating larger conglomerates that are more readily removed from suspension due to their increased weight.

The science behind this involves understanding colloidal chemistry. In the colloidal state, particles are small enough to remain dispersed throughout the liquid due to Brownian motion and their mutual repulsion, often due to similar electric charges. Finings typically carry an opposite charge to the particles in suspension. For example, many haze particles have a negative charge, and certain fining agents carry a positive charge, which allows them to bind together. Once bound, the particles form heavier entities that can settle to the bottom of the fermenter or be filtered out more easily.

This clarification process can be influenced by several factors, including the type of fining agent used, the temperature of the beer, and the time allowed for the finings to act. Some fining agents are more effective at colder temperatures, while others may require the beer to be at a higher temperature to work efficiently. The brewer must understand these variables to choose the most appropriate fining agent and use it correctly.

Types of Finings and Their Properties

The world of finings is diverse, with each type serving a specific purpose and suited for particular stages of the brewing process. Here’s a look at some popular fining agents used in home brewing:


Derived from the swim bladders of fish, isinglass is a form of collagen that’s effective in clearing yeast and other particulates. It carries a positive charge, which makes it suitable for attracting negatively charged particles. Isinglass is best used during the secondary fermentation stage and is known for its gentle fining action that preserves the beer’s head and flavor profile.


As a readily available and inexpensive fining, gelatin is a favored choice among homebrewers. It works similarly to isinglass but is obtained from animal collagen—typically bovine or porcine. Gelatin finings are added to the beer after fermentation, where they help to precipitate yeast and protein complexes. It's particularly effective when used in conjunction with cold crashing, which involves lowering the beer's temperature to enhance sedimentation.

Irish Moss and Whirlfloc Tablets

Irish moss, a type of red seaweed, and Whirlfloc tablets, which contain a refined form of Irish moss, are added to the wort during the last 15 minutes of the boil. They target the coagulation of proteins, which are then removed when the wort is cooled and settles. These are particularly useful for preventing chill haze, where proteins and polyphenols bond during cold storage, creating a haze in an otherwise clear beer.


Bentonite is a type of clay composed primarily of montmorillonite and carries a negative charge. It is useful for binding positively charged proteins and polyphenols. Bentonite is unique in that it can be used during the fermentation process; it’s added to the wort where it expands, increasing its surface area, and thus, its ability to clear haze-causing particles.


Polyclar is a plastic-based fining agent, which is often used in tandem with other finings. It is a synthetic polymer that is particularly effective at removing polyphenols, thereby reducing both chill haze and oxidative staling in beer. Polyclar is added towards the end of fermentation or during conditioning.

Silicon Dioxide

Silicon dioxide, or silica gel, is another fining agent that is adept at removing proteins. It’s often used in the commercial brewing process because it doesn't affect the foam stability or flavor of the beer. In homebrewing, silicon dioxide is less common but can be used in the filtration stage for those who filter their brews.

Each of these fining agents has its own set of instructions for use, and their effectiveness can vary depending on the specific characteristics of the beer being brewed. It is important for homebrewers to understand these nuances to select and apply the correct fining agent to achieve their desired clarity.

finnings for clear home brew beer

How Finings Work: The Science of Clarity

Finings improve the clarity of beer by interacting with suspended particles, causing them to coalesce and settle out of the solution. The science behind this involves charge interactions and the creation of larger particles that are more easily removed by sedimentation or filtration. Most suspended particles in beer, such as proteins and yeast, have a negative charge. Positively charged finings attract these particles, forming larger aggregates that descend to the bottom of the fermentation vessel.

Application and Timing: When to Use Finings

The timing of adding finings is crucial and varies depending on the type of fining agent being used. 

For instance, Irish Moss and Whirlfloc are added during the boil to prevent haze-forming proteins from remaining in the finished beer. Isinglass and gelatin are used post-fermentation because they work best in beer that has already undergone the majority of its yeast activity. 

Bentonite can be added during fermentation without risk, while Polyclar and silicon dioxide are typically introduced during the conditioning phase.

Best Practices for Using Finings

Using finings effectively requires attention to detail and best practices:

  • Dosage: Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for the amount of fining agent to add. Overuse can strip away desirable flavors, while underuse may result in incomplete clarification.

  • Hydration and Preparation: Some finings, like gelatin and bentonite, require hydration before use. Proper preparation ensures that the fining is evenly distributed throughout the beer.

  • Temperature: The temperature of the beer can impact the effectiveness of finings. For example, gelatin works best when the beer is cold.

  • Time: Allow sufficient time for the finings to work. Rushing the process can lead to inadequate clarification.

  • Allergies and Dietary Restrictions: Be aware of potential allergens, especially when using finings derived from animals, as these can affect the drinkability for some consumers.

Troubleshooting Common Issues with Finings

Sometimes, even with the best practices, finings may not produce the desired result. Understanding common issues can help troubleshoot when clarity is not achieved:

  • Incomplete Clarification: This may be due to insufficient fining agent, improper mixing, or not allowing enough time for the finings to act.

  • Flavor Changes: Some finings can affect the flavor profile of the beer. If the flavor seems off after fining, consider trying a different agent or adjusting the amount used.

  • Excessive Sediment: If there is too much sediment after using finings, it could be due to overuse of the agent or poor racking techniques.

Future of Finings: Innovations and Trends

The future of finings is leaning towards more natural and vegan-friendly options as consumer preferences evolve. New developments are focusing on creating fining agents that are effective yet have minimal impact on the environment and cater to a broader range of dietary requirements. Innovations in this space are likely to continue as the craft brewing industry grows and brewers seek to refine their processes and products.

How to brew ginger beer

Monday, October 23, 2023
While both ginger ale and ginger beer contain the delightful zing of ginger, there's a stark difference between the two. While ginger ale is a carbonated drink infused with ginger flavor, ginger beer is a fermented drink crafted from ginger spice, yeast, and sugar, resulting in a unique alcoholic beverage.

The Brewing Process: A Simplified Overview

Interested in making ginger beer at home? The brewing process is straightforward:
  • Ferment a mixture of water, yeast, ginger, and sugar.
  • Add sugar daily to increase alcohol content.
  • After sufficient fermentation, strain the brew.
  • Dilute with water and lemon juice.
  • Bottle the ginger beer.
how to make ginger beer

The Recipe: Crafting the Perfect Alcoholic Ginger Beer


  • 2kg ginger
  • 1 kg brown sugar
  • 1/2 kg castor sugar
  • 2 limes
  • 1 orange
  • 1 teaspoon of vanilla
  • 3 cinnamon sticks
  • Ale-style yeast

  • Start by shredding the ginger using a food processor.
  • Juice the limes and orange.
  • Combine all ingredients in a clean, sanitized brewing vessel (like a fermenter or carboy).
  • For enhanced flavor and clarity, consider boiling the ginger and sugar in water.
  • After boiling, cool the mixture to room temperature before pitching the yeast.
  • Allow the ginger beer to ferment for a week or longer, monitoring its alcohol content using a hydrometer.
  • Once fermented, you can opt to sweeten the ginger beer if desired.

Beyond the Basics - Additional Brewing Tips

  • Pasteurization: To ensure long-term storage and avoid over-carbonation, consider pasteurizing your ginger beer. This process involves heating bottled ginger beer in a water bath, effectively halting fermentation.
  • Yeast Selection: While both brewing and baker's yeast can be used, many brewers prefer ale yeasts or champagne yeast for a distinct flavor profile.
  • Ginger Bug Creation: For a more traditional approach, create a ginger bug using grated ginger, sugar, and water. This mixture, when fermented, can be used as a base for your ginger beer.

Exploring Other Brews

If ginger beer has piqued your interest in home brewing, you might also enjoy exploring other brews like 'prison hooch', hard seltzer, or the classic apple cider.

Engaging in the art of brewing ginger beer offers both a delightful drink and a rewarding experience. Whether you're a seasoned brewer or just embarking on your brewing journey, this guide aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the nuances involved in crafting the perfect glass of alcoholic ginger beer. Happy brewing!

How to use carbonation drops for brewing beer and cider

Using Carbonation Drops for Efficient Beer Brewing

Carbonation drops have become a popular choice among brewers for secondary fermentation during the beer bottling process. Traditionally, brewers would add sugar to each beer or cider bottle using a spoon, or they would opt for batch priming.

In contrast, carbonation drops offer a quick, error-free alternative. By placing a carbonation drop inside each bottle before sealing, secondary fermentation is initiated. This occurs as the yeast consumes the sugar present in the drop.

One well-recognized brand in this domain is Coopers Carbonation Drops. Another commendable brand is Mangrove Jacks. Both have garnered popularity and trust in the brewing community.

Ingredients of Carbonation Drops

The primary ingredient in carbonation drops is sugar, specifically sucrose. Thus, fundamentally, there's no stark difference between using a carbonation drop and adding sugar. The key advantage of using these drops is their convenience, ensuring consistency in the sugar dosage for each bottle. This uniformity is pivotal in achieving a consistent brew and preventing 'gushers', which are over-carbonated beers that overflow upon opening.

using carbonation drops for bottle conditioning

How to use Carbonation Drops for secondary fermentation

The procedure to use these drops is straightforward. Once the beer is transferred to sanitized bottles, a carbonation drop is added to each. The bottle is then sealed, allowing carbonation to commence as the CO2 remains trapped.

The number of drops per bottle varies with the bottle size. Here are some general guidelines:
  • 1 drop for a 350 to 375 ml or 12 OZ bottle. This also covers bottles up to 500 ml.
  • 2 drops for a 750 ml bottle or 25 OZ.
  • For bottles larger than 1 liter, 2.5 to 3 drops are recommended. 
However, caution is advised to prevent over-carbonation.

Carbonation Tablets as an Alternative

Carbonation tablets, or conditioning tablets, serve as another route to achieve carbonation. Unlike carbonation drops which primarily contain sucrose, these tablets comprise dextrose, dry malt extract, and heading powder. They introduce additional flavor and body to the beer. The application depends on the desired carbonation level; for a 12-ounce bottle (350 ml), 3, 4, or 5 tablets are used for low, medium, or high carbonation, respectively.

carbonation drops

Valuable Insights for Using Carbonation Drops

  • Carbonation drops can be employed to carbonate apple cider, adhering to the same measurements as beer.
  • Over-priming should be avoided. Excessive sugar can result in over-carbonation, leading to 'gushers' upon opening the bottle.
  • The brewing environment, especially temperature, influences the carbonation process.
  • For those who prefer adding granulated sugar, using a kitchen funnel can be efficient and less messy.
  • Carbonation drops can also be used for ginger beer and possibly hard seltzer.
  • When purchasing drops online, consider buying in bulk to optimize delivery costs.
  • A Soda Stream machine can be used for carbonation, albeit with caution.

How do carbonation drops actually work?

Carbonation drops operate on the principle of priming sugar. During secondary fermentation, the yeast metabolizes the sugar, releasing carbon dioxide (CO2) as a byproduct. This CO2 dissolves in the beer, inducing carbonation. Each carbonation drop contains a calibrated amount of sugar that yields a specific carbonation level. As the yeast processes this sugar, it releases a predetermined volume of CO2, ensuring the desired level of carbonation in the beer.

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